# UPSC/IAS/IFoS(IFS)/CSE-CIVIL SERVICE EXAMS Mains Mathematics Optional Syllabus

*For Syllabus of Mains & Prelims, Don’t forget to see this same page at the last which we have given*.

**UPSC/IAS/IFoS(IFS)/CSE-CIVIL SERVICE EXAMS Maths/Mathematics Optional Syllabus**

**PAPER – I Section-A**

** ****(1) Linear Algebra:**

Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension; Linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation. Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence’s and similarity; Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of linear equations; Eigen values and eigen vectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, Skew-Hermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigen values.

**(2) Calculus:**

Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, mean value theorem, Taylor’s theorem with remainders, indeterminate forms, maxima and minima, asymptotes; Curve tracing; Functions of two or three variables: limits, continuity, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange’s method of multipliers, Jacobian. Riemann’s definition of definite integrals; Indefinite integrals; Infinite and improper integrals; Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only); Areas, surface and volumes.

**(3) Analytic Geometry:**

Cartesian and polar coordinates in three dimensions, second degree equations in three variables, reduction to canonical forms, straight lines, shortest distance between two skew lines; Plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties.

**PAPER – I Section-B**

**(4) Ordinary Differential Equations:**

Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor; Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution. Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular integral and general solution. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation (Homogeneous linear equations); Determination of complete solution when one solution is known using method of variation of parameters. Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients.

**(5) Dynamics & Statics:**

Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles; constrained motion; Work and energy, conservation of energy; Kepler’s laws, orbits under central forces. Equilibrium of a system of particles; Work and potential energy, friction; common catenary; Principle of virtual work; Stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions.

**(6) Vector Analysis:**

Scalar and vector fields, differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable; Gradient, divergence and curl in Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates; Higher order derivatives; Vector identities and vector equations. Application to geometry: Curves in space, Curvature and torsion; Serret-Frenet’s formulae. Gauss and Stokes’ theorems, Green’s identities.** **

**PAPER – II ****Section-A**

** ****(1) Modern Algebra:**

Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange’s Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem. Rings, sub rings and ideals, homeomorphisms of rings; Integral domains, principal Ideal domains, Euclidean domains and unique factorization domains; Fields, quotient fields.

**(2) Real Analysis:**

Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property; Sequences, limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line; Series and its convergence, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functions on compact sets. Riemann integral, improper integrals; Fundamental theorems of integral calculus. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions; Partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three) variables, maxima and minima.

**(3) Complex Analysis:**

Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, power series representation of an analytic function, Taylor’s series; Singularities; Laurent’s series; Cauchy’s residue theorem; Contour integration.

** ****(4) Linear Programming:**

Linear programming problems, basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution; Graphical method and simplex method of solutions; Duality. Transportation and assignment problems.

**PAPER – II Section-B**

**(5) Partial differential equations:**

Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential equations; Solution of quasi linear partial differential equations of the first order, Cauchy’s method of characteristics; Linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, canonical form; Equation of a vibrating string, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions.

**(6) Numerical Analysis & Computer Programming:**

**(i) Numerical Analysis**

Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods; solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct), Gauss-Seidel (iterative) methods. Newton’s (forward and backward) interpolation, Lagrange’s interpolation. Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rules, Gaussian quadrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runga Kutta-methods.

** (ii) ****Computer Programming:**

Binary system; Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers; Octal and Hexadecimal systems; Conversion to and from decimal systems; Algebra of binary numbers. Elements of computer systems and concept of memory; Basic logic gates and truth tables, Boolean algebra, normal forms. Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precision reals and long integers. Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems.

** ****(7) Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics:**

Generalized coordinates; D’ Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s equations; Hamilton equations; Moment of inertia; Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions. Equation of continuity; Euler’s equation of motion for in viscid flow; Stream-lines, path of a particle; Potential flow; Two-dimensional and asymmetric motion; Sources and sinks, vortex motion; Navier-Stokes Equation for a viscous fluid.

Dear IAS/IFoS MAINS MATHS OPTIONAL Aspirants see the difference between Old and New Syllabus

Ordinary Differential Equations(O.D.E. Syllabus (From 1992 to 2008) Old |

Formulation of differential equations, order and degree, equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor, equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution. Higher order linear equations, with constant coefficients, complementary function and particular integral, general solution, Euler-Cauchy equation. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, determination of complete solution when one solution is known, method of variation of parameters. |

Ordinary Differential Equations(O.D.E. Syllabus (From 2009 to 2016) New |

Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor; Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution. Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular integral and general solution. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation (Homogeneous linear equations); Determination of complete solution when one solution is known using method of variation of parameters. Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients. |

## Ramanasri IAS UPSC Mathematics Optional Analysis, Individual Strategy, Individual Guidance

## Question-wise, Module-wise & Topic-wise Analysis of IAS Mathematics Optional from Previous Years-2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

## IAS-2013 Maths question & topic wise Analysis

### Paper-I

**Part A**

Q.No Sub Q. No Topic Marks

1 1.a LA 10

1.b LA 10

1.c CAL 10

1.d AG 10

1.e AG 10

2 2.a (i) LA 10

2.a (ii) LA 8

2.b (i) LA 8

2.b (ii) LA 8

2.c (i) LA 8

2.c (ii) LA 8

3 3.a CAL 20

3.b CAL 15

3.c CAL 15

4 4.a AG 15

4.b AG 15

4.c AG 20

**Part B **

5

5.a ODE 10

5.b ODE 10

5.c D&S 10

5.d D&S 10

5.e VA 10

6

6.a ODE 10

6.b ODE 10

6.c ODE 15

6.d ODE 15

7

7.a D&S 20

7.b D&S 15

7.c D&S 15

8

8.a VA 10

8.b VA 10

8.c VA 15

8.d VA 15

**Note:**

LA | Linear Algebra |

CAL | Calculus |

AG | Analytical Geometry |

ODE | Ordinary Differential Equations |

VA | Vector Analysis |

D&S | Dynamics & Statics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2013 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

LA | 70 |

CAL | 60 |

AG | 70 |

ODE | 70 |

VA | 60 |

D&S | 70 |

Total | 400 |

## IAS-2013 Maths question & topic wise Analysis

### Paper-II

**Part A**

**S. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks**

1 1.a MA 10

1.b MA 10

1.c RA 10

1.d CA 10

1.e LP 10

2 2.a MA 10

2.b MA 13

2.c RA 13

2.d RA 14

3 3.a MA 15

3.b MA 15

3.c RA 10

3.d RA 10

4 4.a LP 15

4.b CA 15

4.c LP 20

**Part B**

5

5.a PDE 10

5.b PDE 10

5.c NA&CP 10

5.d M&FD 10

5.e M&FD 10

6

6.a PDE 15

6.b PDE 15

6.c PDE 20

7

7.a NA&CP 20

7.b NA&CP 15

7.c NA&CP 15

8

8.a M&FD 15

8.b M&FD 15

8.c M&FD 20

**Note:**

MA | Modern Algebra |

RA | Real Analysis |

CA | Complex Analysis |

LP | Linear Programming |

PDE | Partial Differential Equations |

NA&CP | Numerical Analysis & Computer Programming |

M&FD | Mechanics & Fluid Dynamics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2013 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

MA | 73 |

RA | 57 |

CA | 25 |

LPP | 45 |

PDE | 70 |

NA & CP | 60 |

M & FD | 70 |

Total | 400 |

## Question & Topic wise Analysis of 2014 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

### Paper-I

**Part A**

Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks

1 1.a LA 10

1.b LA 10

1.c CAL 10

1.d CAL 10

1.e AG 10

2 2.a LA 15

2.b LA 10

2.c LA 10

2.d CAL 15

3 3.a CAL 15

3.b CAL 20

3.c(i) LA 8

3.c (ii) LA 7

4 4.a(i) AG 10

4.a(ii) AG 10

4.b AG 15

4.c AG 15

**Part B **

5 5.a ODE 10

5.b VA 10

5.c D&S 10

5.d D&S 10

5.e VA 10

6 6.a ODE 10

6.b ODE 20

6.c VA 20

7 7.a ODE 15

7.b D&S 15

7.c D&S 20

8 8.a ODE 15

8.b D&S 15

8.c ODE 20

**Note:**

LA | Linear Algebra |

CAL | Calculus |

AG | Analytical Geometry |

ODE | Ordinary Differential Equations |

VA | Vector Analysis |

D&S | Dynamics & Statics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2014 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

LA | 70 |

CAL | 70 |

AG | 60 |

ODE | 90 |

VA | 40 |

D&S | 70 |

Total | 400 |

## IAS-2014 Mathematics Optional Question & Topic wise Analysis

### Paper-II

**Part A**

Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks

1 1.a MA 10

1.b RA 10

1.c CA 10

1.d CA 10

1.e LP 10

2 2.a MA 15

2.b RA 15

2.c LP 20

3 3.a MA 15

3.b RA 15

3.c RA 20

4 4.a MA 15

4.b RA 15

4.c LP 20

**Part B**

** **

5 5.a PDE 10

5.b NA&CP 10

5.c NA&CP 10

5.d NA&CP 10

5.e M&FD 10

6 6.a PDE 15

6.b NA&CP 15

6.c NA&CP 20

7 7.a M&FD 15

7.b NA&CP 15

7.c M&FD 20

8 8.a PDE 15

8.b NA&CP 15

8.c M&FD 20

**Note:**

MA | Modern Algebra |

RA | Real Analysis |

CA | Complex Analysis |

LP | Linear Programming |

PDE | Partial Differential Equations |

NA&CP | Numerical Analysis & Computer Programming |

M&FD | Mechanics & Fluid Dynamics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2014 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

MA | 55 |

RA | 75 |

CA | 20 |

LPP | 50 |

PDE | 40 |

NA & CP | 95 |

M & FD | 65 |

Total | 400 |

## IAS-2015 Mathematics Optional Question & Topic wise Analysis

### Paper-I

**Part A**

Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks

1 1.a LA 10

1.b LA 10

1.c CAL 10

1.d CAL 10

1.e AG 10

2 2.a LA 12

2.b CAL 13

2.c LA 12

2.d AG 13

3 3.a LA 12

3.b CAL 13

3.c AG 13

3.d CAL 12

4 4.a CAL 13

4.b LA 12

4.c AG 13

4.d CAL 12

** **

**Part B **

5

5.a ODE 10

5.b ODE 10

5.c D&S 10

5.d D&S 10

5.e VA 10

6 6.a ODE 12

6.b D&S 13

6.c ODE 12

6.d D&S 13

7 7.a ODE 12

7.b D&S 13

7.c VA 12

7.d ODE 13

8 8.a D&S 12

8.b D&S 13

8.c VA 12

8.d ODE 13

**Note:**

LA | Linear Algebra |

CAL | Calculus |

AG | Analytical Geometry |

ODE | Ordinary Differential Equations |

VA | Vector Analysis |

D&S | Dynamics & Statics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2015 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

LA | 68 |

CAL | 83 |

AG | 49 |

ODE | 82 |

VA | 34 |

D&S | 84 |

## IAS-2015 Mathematics Optional Question & Topic wise Analysis

### Paper-II

**Part A**

**Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks**

1 1.a MA 10

1.b MA 10

1.c RA 10

1.d CA 10

1.e LP 10

2 2.a MA 15

2.b RA 15

2.c CA 20

3 3.a CA 15

3.b RA 15

3.c LP 20

4 4.a MA 15

4.b RA 15

4.c LP 20

**Part B**

** **

5 5.a PDE 10

5.b PDE 10

5.c NA&CP 10

5.d M&FD 10

5.e M&FD 10

6 6.a PDE 15

6.b M&FD 15

6.c NA&CP 20

7 7.a PDE 15

7.b NA&CP 15

7.c M&FD 20

8 8.a PDE 15

8.b NA&CP 15

8.c M&FD 20

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2015 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

MA | 50 |

RA | 55 |

CA | 45 |

LP | 50 |

PDE | 65 |

NA&CP | 60 |

M&FD | 75 |

## IAS-2016 Mathematics Optional Question & Topic wise Analysis

### Paper-I

**Part A**

Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks

1 1.a LA 10 (4+6)

1.b LA 10 (7+3)

1.c CAL 10

1.d AG 10

1.e AG 10

2 2.a LA 16 (10+6)

2.b LA 16 (8+8)

2.c LA 18

3 3.a CAL 20

3.b CAL 15

3.c CAL 15

4 4.a AG 10

4.b AG 10

4.c CAL 15

4.d AG 15

** **

**Part B **

5

5.a ODE 10

5.b VA 10

5.c ODE 10

5.d ODE 10

5.e D&S 10

6 6.a ODE 10

6.b ODE 15

6.c ODE 15

6.d ODE 10

7 7.a D&S 15

7.b D&S 15

7.c D&S 20

8 8.a VA 10

8.b VA 10

8.c D&S 15

8.d VA 15

**Note:**

LA | Linear Algebra |

CAL | Calculus |

AG | Analytical Geometry |

ODE | Ordinary Differential Equations |

VA | Vector Analysis |

D&S | Dynamics & Statics |

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2016 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

LA | 70 |

CAL | 75 |

AG | 55 |

ODE | 80 |

VA | 45 |

D&S | 75 |

## IAS-2016 Mathematics Optional Question & Topic wise Analysis

### Paper-II

**Part A**

**Q. No Sub Q. No Topic Marks**

1 1.a MA 10

1.b RA 10

1.c RA 10

1.d CA 10

1.e LP 10

2 2.a RA 15

2.b MA 15

2.c LPP 20

3 3.a MA 20

3.b RA 15

3.c CA 25

4 4.a MA 15

4.b RA 15

4.c CA 20

**Part B**

** **

5 5.a PDE 10

5.b M&FD 10

5.c M&FD 10

5.d NA&CP 10

5.e PDE 10

6 6.a PDE 15

6.b M&FD 15

6.c NA&CP 20

7 7.a PDE 15

7.b M&FD 20

7.c NA&CP 15

8 8.a PDE 20

8.b M&FD 15

8.c NA&CP 15

- Candidate has to attempt
**FIVE**questions in all - Question
**1 and 5**are compulsory and out of the remaining,**THREE**are to be attempted choosing at least**ONE**from each section.

## Module wise Analysis of 2016 IAS MAINS MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

Module |
Total No. Of Marks |

MA | 60 |

RA | 65 |

CA | 45 |

LP | 30 |

PDE | 70 |

NA&CP | 60 |

M&FD | 70 |

## IAS/IFoS Mathematics Preparation Strategy and Analysis about who can opt for UPSC/Civil Services Mains(Optional) Mathematics with all the details:

## Bar Chart for IAS/UPSC MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

## Table Chart for IAS/UPSC MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-I

Year/Module | LA | CAL | AG | ODE | VA | D & S |

Year 2013 | 70 | 60 | 70 | 70 | 60 | 70 |

Year 2014 | 70 | 70 | 60 | 90 | 40 | 70 |

Year 2015 | 68 | 83 | 49 | 82 | 34 | 84 |

Year 2016 | 70 | 75 | 55 | 80 | 45 | 75 |

## Bar Chart for IAS/UPSC MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

## Table Chart for IAS/UPSC MATHEMATICS OPTIONAL PAPER-II

MA | RA | CA | LPP | PDE | NA & CP | M & FD | |

Year-2013 | 73 | 57 | 25 | 45 | 70 | 60 | 70 |

Year-2014 | 55 | 75 | 20 | 50 | 40 | 95 | 65 |

Year-2015 | 50 | 55 | 45 | 50 | 65 | 60 | 75 |

Year-2016 | 60 | 65 | 45 | 30 | 70 | 60 | 70 |

## IAS 2017 Analysis will be Coming on the same day of optional exam

**Must read Success Story of IAS Topper(AIR-1) Mutyala Raju Revu and Read his answers to UPSC Board **

**Mutyala Raju Revu, was an Indian Police Service probationer hailing from Andhra Pradesh, when he topped the Union Public Service Commission Civil Services Examination 2006 in the country to become an IAS. He joined the Andhra Pradesh cadre of the Indian Administrative Service.**

**IAS-2006-07 Topper Mutyala Raju Revu’s strong determination and innate desire which proved his worth and mettle by doing unremitting hard work and withholding unshakable determination by cracking UPSC Examination. His conviction in selfless service and his clear principles gave him enough courage and confidence and made him do extraordinary.**

**Family Background**

Born in a farmer’s family, Revu hails from Chinagollapalem village in West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. Raju’s mother Chintamani is a house maker. Raju’s father Narasimha Murthy and his two elder brothers are also into agriculture and earn their livelihood by farming.

**Optional Subject**

He opted for **Electrical Engineering and Mathematics** as his optional paper because he has these subjects as his background in Graduation and Post Graduation.

**Desire of Becoming IAS**

Death of his sister and six friends in his remote Chinnagollapalem village lacking transportation facility and a motto to empower those villages which are remote and lack the basic amenities and one of them being his own village motivated him to take up the civil services examination. Mutyala Raju Revu says,“My sister and others could not get medical attention in time as my village has no transportation facility and is cut off by Godavari and Krishna rivers”.

It was then that he took an oath to serve mankind and help those areas which are a total cut from the rest of the country and also are short of basic necessities like proper transportational, educational facilities, health services etc.

**Educational Background of Mutyala Raju Revu**

**Raju passed 10th standard from the government school close to his village**. He did **B. Tech from National Institute of Technology, Warangal**. Mutyala Raju Revu then made it in the year 2005, by being selected as an IPS officer under Indian Police Services.

**Attempts: **In his **Third attempt AIR (All India Rank)-1** to become IAS. He secured IPS in his Second attempt. In his first attempt he hasn’t cleared mains because of Public Administration & Geography as his first and second optionals respectively. The reason for failure in his first attempt, he told in front of press meet, even though I haven’t interest in those optionals, but a lot people are choosing including my friends and seniors, that is the reason I have chosen that time those kind of optional which are not related any of my background and academics. That is the big mistake which I have done during my preparation. After that I have seen the syllabus of IAS/IFOS/UPSC/CSE-CIVIL SERVICES EXAMS of Mathematics and Electrical Engineering. Wow!!! a lot of known things mentioned in the syllabus, which I have studied partly during my engineering from the NIT Warangal. So I need covered some extra things. So, myself I realised this is the right time for I need to change my optionals from Public Administration & Geography to Mathematics and Electrical Engineering.

A man of focus, persistent efforts and strong determination could not satiate himself; instead he worked incessantly hard to realize his dreams and finally in the year 2006-07, all his efforts and labour was awarded when he topped the Civil Service Examination which he always dreamt off.

**Secret of Success**

“There is nothing which a man can’t achieve. You have to believe in yourself, be positive and prepare to achieve the goal,” he said sharing the secret of his success. To face the interview for Civil Services, Mutyala Raju affirmed that one should always be honest, optimistic and confident.

Mutyala Raju kept his morale high up by looking up to the toppers of the previously held Civil Service examination and by reading loads of motivating and enriching books and one of them being Vivekananda. He was and still is a staunch believer of Vivekananda’s one of the sayings, stating – **“Arise, Awake and Stop not till the goal is reached”**.

A remote village celebrates its son’s tryst with glory, So what if Chinagollapalem looks like a village caught in a time warp, it produced an IAS topper, who topped this year’s IAS examination, is from this predominantly fishermen’s village.

**UPSC Board Interview Questions of IAS Topper Mutyala Raju Revu**

**Raju: **May I come in Sir?

**Chairman: **Yes, please.

**Raju: **Good morning, Sir. Good morning, Madam. Good morning, Sirs.: You are Mr…

**Raju: **(Still in standing position), Muthyala Raju Revu Sir.

(Chairman is writing something. Other members are keenly watching the candidate.)

**Member 2**: Please take your seat.

**Raju: **Thank you, sir.

**Chairman: **Mr. Revu, You did B.Tech from REC Warangal, ME from IISc, Bangalore. But why did you do diploma?

**Raju: **Sir, After completion of my 10th class, based on my financial background, my father joined me in polytechnic. After completion of polytechnic, we do get jobs. Also, since I will get scholarship, the amount of money spent on me is less.

**Chairman: **That means you will get job after diploma.

**Raju: **Yes Sir, I got a private job. Company is Cain energy limited.

**Chairman: **Then, why did you join B.Tech?

**Raju: **Sir, After completion of my diploma, I wrote ECET and I got state 1st rank. So I convinced my father that I will join REC which is a premier Engineering institute in our state.

**Chairman: **Then, you joined ME because your father insisted on that?

**Raju: **No Sir, It is based on my project guide’s suggestion. Sir, infact there are two streams to enter into B.Tech. One through EAMCET after Intermediate and other is through ECET. After ECET…

**Chairman: **What question I have asked?

**Raju: **Sorry Sir, you have asked me why I joined ME after B.Tech.

**Chairman: **OK. Then stick on to the question.

**Raju: **Sir, I am explaining it.

**Chairman: **Be specific.

**Raju: **OK sir, during my final year I got all India rank 3 in Gate. My guide on knowing this result suggested me to join IISc. He further told that this is the golden opportunity for me. ‘If you miss it you will not get it again!’ he told sir. Then, I informed about my career option as civil services. He then convinced me by saying that I can write civil services after M.E. also.

**Chairman: **That means you are preparing for civil services while you are in IISc?

**Raju: **I beg to differ with you sir. I started my preparation only after completion of M.E.

**Chairman: **You have written that you joined Railways in September 2004. That is of which exam?

**Raju: **Sir, This is based on IES-2003.

**Chairman: **That means you are in IISc.

**Raju: **Sir, I completed my second semester at that time.

**Chairman: **That means you have prepared for IES in IISc.

**Raju: **Sir, I have given IES in my own background i.e., Electrical Engineering. Hence I need not prepare much for this exam. I just gave the exam.

**Chairman: **For how many years you are in Railways?

**Raju: **Sir, I joined Railways on September 2004. Then I took leave for 1 year, i.e., leave on loss of pay.

**Chairman: **What did you do in that year?

**Raju: **Sir, I have prepared for this exam.

**Chairman: **How many months you are in Railways?

**Raju: **Sir, roughly 5 months.

**Chairman: **That means you are in Railways till February.

**Raju: **Sir, I am in Railways till the result of civil services exam 2005 was out. I was given leave for interview preparation in March.

**Chairman: **Then what did you do after the declaration of the result?

**Raju: **Sir, Once the result of out, I came to know that I will get IPS. So, I convinced my director for leave to appear civil services again. My director gave me leave.

**Chairman: **When did you join IPS?

**Raju: **Sir, I joined IPS on December 18, 2006.

**Chairman: **Which part of training you missed?

**Raju: **Sir, I missed foundation training in Mussorie. At SVPNPA, training started on December 18, 2006. So, I haven’t missed any training at Hyderabad.

**Chairman: **How many days you have taken leave for interview?

**Raju: **Sir, 4 days.

**Member 2**: How was your IPS training?

**Raju: **Sir, training is good and we are enjoying every aspect of training.

**Member 2**: What are you learning in training?

**Raju: **Sir, our training is divided into two parts. Indoor and outdoor. In indoor, we have subjects like police in modern India, criminology and law subjects like IE Act, CrPC, IPC and other subjects.

**Member 2**: You are in IPS for 4 months. So I can ask some questions.

**Raju: **Yes, sir.

**Member 2**: do you aware that the confession admitted to police is not allowed as witness. Why?

**Raju: **Yes sir. Confession admitted to police is not allowed as witness. Since there is always a possibility of getting the confession in the way the police like, law doesn’t allow it.

**Member 2**: What is Res gestae?

**Raju: **Sir, All the circumstances leading to the same transaction are allowable as evidence.

**Member 2**: You are on the line. Could you explain more?

**Raju: **(after 2-3 seconds), If some people wanted to commit dacoity and in the process if they theft a vehicle, eventhough theft of vehicle is not connected with dacoity but it is admissible as it forms the circumstance leading to dacoity.

**Member 2**: Could you tell me the section which deals with Res gestae?

**Raju: **Sorry sir, I could not remember the exact section.

**Member 2**: Then how sections you were taught in IE Act?

**Raju:** Sir, In our academy our sirs are not teaching according to sections. They are teaching the sections which are more useful for the police at first.

**Member 2**: Do you aware of RTI?

**Raju: **Yes. Sir. It is Right to Information Act.

**Member 2**: What are the provisions in RTI?

**Raju: **Sir, According to provisions of RTI, every government department has to nominate one officer as information commissioner to give information about duties, responsibilities and functions of various officers working in those departments…

**Member 2**: Then what is the benefit to common man?

**Raju: **Sir, Common man can know the functions, duties & responsibilities of various officers. They can know the status of their applications. This also increases transparency and accountability of officers. Hence reduces corruption.

**Member 2**: How can you say that people will get required information?

**Raju: **Sir, There is a provision in RTI that anyone who refuses to give information or delays 30 days for giving information, they are liable for cut in salary.

**Member 2**: How much salary cut?

**Raju: **Sir, I think it is 250 Rs./ day.

**Member 2**: It is not cut from salary. It is separately cut.

**Raju: **Thank you Sir.

**Member 2**: Can you tell me what is the maximum limit?

**Raju: **Sorry sir, I don’t know.

**Chairman: **Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology. Don’t you think that all are inward looking?

**Raju: **Sir, Whenever possible I play cricket in addition my hobbies, which is a team game.

**Member 2**: Tell me which countries will reach final in the present world cup?

**Raju: **Sir, I think Australia and Srilanka.

**Member 2**: Already two countries reached semifinals i.e., Sri Lanka & Newzealand. What do you think about other two?

**Raju: **Sir, I beg to differ with you. Actually three countries i.e., Srilanka, New Zealand and Australia reached semifinals. 4th team depends on the outcome of the today’s match between England & South Africa.

**Member 2**: Do you know about fly ash?

**Raju: **Sir, Thermal power stations produce fly ash while generating electrical power.

**Member 2**: Which state is using it more? Definitely it is not Haryana, My own state.

**Raju: **Sorry Sir, I don’t know.

**Member 3: **(X-A) (X-B) has highest X power of 2. Do you agree?

**Raju: **Yes, Sir.

**Member 3: **(X-A) (X-B) (X-C) has highest X power…

Raju:3, Sir.

**Member 3: **Then, tell me. What is the answer for (X-A) (X-B)…. (X-Z).

**Raju: **(after 3-4 seconds), It must be Zero. Sir, because of the presence of the term (X-X).

**Member 3: **Whom do you think a greatest mathematician of all times?

**Raju: **Sir, Srinivasa Ramanujan, because even though he lived for only 33 years, he contributed more to mathematics in the areas like Numerical methods, Solution of algebraic equations, number theory like prime numbers etc.

**Member 3: **Can you tell me the formula for prime numbers?

**Raju: **Sir, exactly I don’t know but recently IIT, Kanpur professor along with his students wrote a software program which gives whether a number is prime or not within less time.

**Member 3: **You are an electrical engineer. Tell me where prime numbers are used?

**Raju: **Sir, they are used in coding.

**Member 3: **I am asking a question in your engineering only. Tell me how prime numbers are used in coding?

**Raju: **Sir, exactly I don’t know. But to the best of my knowledge, if the code length is prime, decoding and encoding are easy.

**Member 3: **You are on the line, but not exact answer.

**Member 1: **Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology. What you do in motivation?

**Raju: **Madam, many of classmates and Juniors came to me for clearing their doubts in subjects as I am the toper of my class. I usually listen to their problems regarding their understanding of concepts as many have problems either in one or many subjects. I tell them that every subject is easy if knew the concepts clear and we should like the subject what we are studying…

**Madam: **Do your response same for all?

**Raju: **Madam, I usually spend more time with those who are very much lagging. I take classes to clear their doubts.

**Madam: **Then do you call it motivation or strategic learning?

**Raju: **Madam, strategic learning may be the correct term.

**Madam: **What is the difference between these two?

**Raju: **Madam, motivation is a general term which includes not only academic motivation but also others like psychological, etc., Madam; I don’t know exactly the meaning of strategic learning.

**Madam: **Which books you read in Indian Mythology?

**Raju: **Madam, I read Ramayana and Mahabharata.

**Madam: **Since your hobbies are motivating others and Indian Mythology, tell me how Krishna motivated Arjuna?

**Raju: **Madam, when Arjuna refused to fight with friends, teachers, Krishna told him that it is the duty of the king to protect Dharma and fight wars for protecting it. We should not move away from our duty. Since soul is immortal and of which is born, death is certain, of which death happened, birth is certain. Hence you should not think that you are committing crime. Also he motivated him by saying that we should do our work only. We should not think about the results of our actions. Otherwise, attachment to the results will occur which is a major reason for unhappiness.

**Madam: **Do you practice it?

**Raju: **Madam, It is very difficult to practice.

**Madam: **Why?

**Raju: **Madam, for example, if we are about to play a cricket match, we will think about the winning of the match which is actually the result of the playing that match.

**Madam: **One last question. What kind of training our team got during our last year world cup?

**Raju: **Madam, exactly I am not able to recollect it. But it is like we can do it this time

**Madam: **Sorry, It is not last year world cup but it is 2003 world cup. The team was given psychological training.

**Raju: **Yes, Madam

**Member 4: **You studied your B.Tech. from REC Warangal and M.E. from IISc Bangalore. Do you proud of your institutions like IISc?

**Raju: **Sir, I am proud that I have studied in a great institution like IISc, which according UNESCO survey conducted in 1997 was in 18th place among world universities. Recently a Chinese university conducted a survey in which IISc was placed at around 250th position.

**Member 4: **Do you think that 250th position is a good position?

**Raju: **Sir, even though it is not a good position, the position depended on the parameters they have taken into consideration like no. of Nobel laureates present, no. of research papers presented, etc.

**Member 4: **Who are Nobel laureate present in IISc?

**Raju: **Sir, now there is no Nobel laureate in IISc. Earlier Sir C.V. Raman worked in IISc. Now, there are two internationally reputed professors working there.

**Member 4: **Last year government proposed to stop B.Tech entry into IITs. Do you support that?

**Raju: **Sir, I support it. Sir, due to hectic schedule, the professors of IITs are not able to concentrate much on research. Once the B. Tech entry is stopped, they will get more time for research and quality of research will increase.

**Member 4: **Don’t you think the quality of B.Tech students will reduce as IITs are known for better professors?

**Raju: **Sir, those students who are earlier eligible for entry into IITs, they will join NITs. Since they are the core students I don’t think the quality will reduce. But the professors in other institutes should get sufficient training to reach the level of IIT professors.

**Member 4: **You agree to that proposal. But the government has withdrawn the proposal due to very good argument against it. Can you tell me?

**Raju: **Sorry sir, I don’t know.

**Member 4: **What do you think is responsible for reduction in research?

**Raju: **Sir, IISc is not able to retain those students who completed M.E. and other courses there. One reason is brain drain, Sir. Second one is that research is not attractive in India, Sir. For example, in our batch out of 230 students who completed M.E. only 2 joined for Ph.D. in IISc. At the end of our M.E. we got campus placements. The minimum salary is around 6 lakhs/ annum. It is attracting most of us. Those who are really interested in research, they are going abroad as they will get more money and research is attractive there. Here, a Ph.D. student gets 12,000 – 15,000 Rs per month. Also material considerations have risen these days, sir. We have to include some compulsory courses in morale & ethics to stop this.

**Member 4: **Instead of choosing job or research, why did you choose services as career option?

**Raju: **Sir, The incident that took place in my village in November 2000, when I am in 3rd year of B.Tech, has changed my career options. Nearby Engineering college students came to our village for picnic as our village has excellent beach. 7 of them drowned in the Bay of Bengal and all of them has taken sand into their lungs in addition to water. Since our village is an island, there are no transportation, medical & meager educational facilities, it took 2 hours to reach nearest town which is 16 Km away from my village. By that time, 6 out 7 were died, Sir.

**Chairman:** You are telling about an incident in your village. In that case who will respond first?

**Raju: **(3-4 seconds silence)

**Chairman:** Whether it is Block development officer, Doctor, or Police.

**Raju: **Sir, It is the police to respond first.

**Chairman: **Then, you are in IPS. Why did you come?

**Raju: **Sir, even for police it took 2 hours to reach that place as there is not enough transportation facilities.

**Chairman: **Thank you.

**Raju: **Thank you, Sir. Thank you, Madam. Thank you, Sirs.

Note: The below article has been taken from insightsonindia.com

## Nitish K, All India Rank (AIR) – 8

## My Preparation Strategy

I was a student of Insights Offline Class and knew Vinay bro (Whom I call as ‘Anna’ i.e. elder brother) from my school (JNV) days. I readily agreed to his suggestion to write an article for the benefit of aspirants. But owing to hectic training at National Audit & Accounts Academy, I am coming up with this article after many days.

I did my schooling at Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Chitradurga during which I made up my mind to become an IAS officer. Later I did **engineering(B.tech) **from a college in Bangalore. I started my preparation from mid 2010, i.e. during my final year in engineering.

**Like everyone, I decided to take Public administration as my optional and started reading it. After few days I realized that Public administration was not my cup of tea**. Fortunately at that time results of CSE-2009 was declared and Prakash Rajpurohit had got Rank 2, with Mathematics as one of his optional. His success inspired me to take Mathematics. He also wrote a blog, which I consider as bible for Mathematics optional. I bought all the books which he had mentioned in his blog and finished one time reading by the time I completed my graduation in mid 2011.

Then I left to Delhi from Bangalore and reached Old Rajinder Nagar in June, 2011. I had made up my mind to take Psychology as second optional and join Mukul Pathak’s coaching. But I changed my mind at last moment and joined Neetu Singh for Geography optional.

While going for Geography coaching, I also joined Maths test series. I left Delhi after 4 months due to adverse conditions like climate, food, high rent etc and went to my native place near Udupi.

Till prelims i.e May 2012, I finished General Studies myself and revised Maths and Geography. After prelims, I again went to Delhi to appear for Maths and GS test series. I made the mistake of appearing for Mains at Delhi Centre. I got high fever on the day of Essay, General Studies and Geography exams and finally recovered before Mathematics exam.

After Mains, I returned to my native place and started preparing for Interview as well as for next Mains. Then fortunately I cleared Mains and appeared for interview in my first attempt. However I could not make it to the final list. Later I found out that I had missed rank by 10 marks and had got low marks in Interview and Geography. Despite working hard for nearly 3 years and leaving job at campus placement, at the end I was left with nothing.

Many people (particularly relatives) mocked at me telling that even two years after engineering I was sitting at home and gave examples of students getting placements with high packages. This was like adding salt to wound. But somehow all these things eventually made me more determined to clear this exam, at any cost.

**Fortunately for me, pattern was changed in 2013 and only one optional was required to be taken. I gladly dropped geography** and appeared in Prelims again. As the GS syllabus for mains was changed drastically, I felt it was better to prepare in a group. So I went to Delhi again after Prelims and rented a room with two good friends, who were very hardworking and dedicated. I also joined test series for GS and Maths. This time I wrote mains at Bangalore in December.

After Mains, I relaxed for around 20 days and then contacted Vinay bro. He was my senior in school and I got to know that he had got very good marks in UPSC interview. As I had got very low marks in interview in the previous attempt, I was quite afraid about interview. He was kind enough to take many mock interviews freely in his room and helped me to overcome my fear of interview.

**His mantra for interview was being honest, humble and confident**. I just followed his advice and got 196/275. This was a huge jump for mere 50% in first attempt to 71% in second attempt.

Owing to high Interview marks, I got 547th rank and with just 10 marks more than General cutoff. After declaration of marks, I found that I had low scores in Essay and General Studies Paper 2 and 3. Getting a rank was a great relief to me and my family. But the desire for IAS was still strong.

As I wanted my 3rd attempt to be my last attempt, I decided to give my best shot this time. I did not want to study in isolation but was reluctant to go to Delhi again. Vinay bro told he would be conducting offline test series for GS & Essay in Bangalore for limited students who are very serious. I readily joined it.

He went out of his way to arrange good accommodation in Bangalore. Here I met a group of highly dedicated aspirants which included Neha, Balaji, Kiran, Akhilesh etc. The competition within the group was so high that for three and half months everyone was compelled to work very hard.

The rigorous schedule of Insights for test series enabled us to complete syllabus in time and also strengthen our answer writing skills. Whenever I used to get frustrated about huge syllabus or insufficiency of time and my confidence dipped, I used to talk to Vinay bro. He always used to tell you would get in top 50 this time and not to worry. Finally his words became true.

During this mock test series programme, I wrote nearly 15 three hour essays (with 2 essays for 125 marks each – Later same pattern was there in Mains which helped me a lot). This led to drastic improvement in my essay score from 84 in previous attempt to 142 this year.

Again, this year I frequently spoke over phone from Academy regarding interview with him. As I was undergoing training, this year’s interview needed different approach. We discussed probable questions and refined our answers. He motivated me before the interview to give my best. This year, I scored 206/275.

I am deeply grateful to Insights and Vinay bro for guiding me and for creating a highly competitive atmosphere at Bangalore, due to which I was able to put much more effort in a focused manner.

Based on my experience, a few suggestions to all the aspirants:

- With right approach, it is possible to clear this exam in first attempt But don’t get disheartened if you fail. Don’t give up. Introspect and rectify your mistakes. Hit back with greater effort. When I missed getting a rank by 10 marks in first attempt, I was very disappointed. But I read that year toppers’ interviews. I told myself if they can do it why can’t I do. I was very angry on myself for not clearing and this made me more determined to clear this exam.
- Try to prepare with a group of serious There is no point is befriending non-serious aspirants. They will lead to your failure. Be very careful in choosing your friends.
**Consistency and discipline are key to success**. I have seen lots of people who work very hard for first 1-2 months and later their preparation decays exponentially. Have a timetable and follow it religiously. My daily study routine for past four years is like this – 8 to 9:30, 10 to 1:30, 4 to 8:30 and 9:30 to 12:30. Make your own timetable and give some time in between (say ½ hour) for relaxing. The idea is you should be comfortable with your timetable and not get frustrated.- Clear prelims by a comfortable margin. This is very important so that you start preparing for mains seriously without waiting for prelims results.
- Practice answer writing for GS, essay and optional regularly. Insights website is helpful in this regard.
- For GS make notes, preferably on Every note as it consumes less time and easy to edit and revise.
**Don’t spend too much time on Internet searching for materials, news etc**. Many aspirants spend hours on internet and think they are preparing. But actually they would be aimlessly jumping from website to another without any value addition. It is better to follow few sources that are qualitative.**Also many have this habit of filling their rooms with all kinds of books, material, photocopies etc., which they won’t study even one page. Buy a maximum of 2 books per subject and read them repeatedly. You need not do research on each and every topic. You should just understand them and be able to give simple and clear answers in exam.**- Try to finish Mains syllabus before Prelims. Because after prelims you will be having time only for revision and answer writing.
**Join coaching only by consulting many seniors. Don’t be fooled by huge photographs of toppers in advertisements. Many would have appeared only for Test Series or Mock Interviews and coaching centers would claim that they were part of classroom coaching.****Finally don’t get your confidence lowered by all the negative comments made by your friends and relatives. Have faith in your hard work. Promise yourself to work harder and prove all your critics wrong. If you work hard, then luck (God) will help you.**

I would like to end with two of my favorite quotes, which helped me immensely during my preparation:

**“I hated every minute of training, but I said, ‘Don’t quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion.’”Muhammad Ali**

**“We must all suffer from one of two pains: the pain of discipline or the pain of regret. The difference is discipline weighs ounces while regret weighs tons.” Jim Rohn**

All the best for your exams and future. Thank you.

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# UPSC/IAS/IFoS(IFS)/CSE-CIVIL SERVICE EXAMS Mains & Prelims Syllabus

*************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

**UPSC/ IAS Syllabus – Civil Services Examination Syllabus Pattern & Strategy for IAS-2018**

A candidate’s rank in UPSC Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in Main and Interview. The main exam has 1750 marks while interview has 275 marks.

The written examination (main) will consist of the following 9 papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for final merit ranking. For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure minimum marks prescribed by UPSC each year.

Note: Qualifying Papers – Not counted for final ranking:

**Paper ‐ A** – Indian Language – (One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. Maximum marks for this paper is 300 Marks.

Note: This Indian Language paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.)

Qualifying Indian Language Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam

The pattern of questions in the qualifying Indian Language Paper would be broadly as follows:

- Comprehension of given passages.
- Precis Writing
- Usage and Vocabulary
- Short Essay
- Translation from English to the Indian language and vice‐versa.

Indian Languages and Scripts Allowed by UPSC for Civil Services Exam

For the Language medium/ literature of languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates will be as under:—

Language | Script |

Assamese | Assamese |

Bengali | Bengali |

Gujarati | Gujarati |

Hindi | Devanagari |

Kannada | Kannada |

Kashmiri | Persian |

Konkani | Devanagari |

Malayalam | Malayalam |

Manipuri | Bengali |

Marathi | Devanagari |

Nepali | Devanagari |

Oriya | Oriya |

Punjabi | Gurumukhi |

Sanskrit | Devanagari |

Sindhi | Devanagari or Arabic |

Tamil | Tamil |

Telugu | Telugu |

Urdu | Persian |

Bodo | Devanagari |

Dogri | Devanagari |

Maithilli | Devanagari |

Santhali | Devanagari or Olchiki |

**Paper‐ B** – English Language . 300 Marks.

English Language Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam UPSC

The qualifying paper on English Language in Civil Services Mains Exam will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard. The marks obtained in this paper will not be counted for ranking. The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English Language. Minimum marks needed is 25%. (UPSC says, the papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 30% marks in Indian Language and 25% marks in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.)

Qualifying English Language Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:‐

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay.

In the IAS Mains Examination, there are 7 + 2 = 9 papers to be answered by descriptive. There are two qualifying papers

(1) Any Indian language of 300 marks

(2) English of 300 marks. The marks of these two papers will not be counted in the merit list of the main examination.

The candidate is allowed to pick any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium for writing the mains examination.

According to the new pattern in the UPSC syllabus, there are 4 General Studies papers (Previously it was 2) each comprising of 250 Marks with a total of 1000 Marks are made compulsory. The scope of the syllabus of General Studies papers are of degree level.

There is only “ONE” optional subject to choose from the list of subjects. It comprises of two papers each of 250 marks. So the optional paper has total 500 marks. Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having the same at graduation level.” The scope of the syllabus of optional paper is higher than the bachelor’s degree but lower than the master’s level i.e., honours level.

The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.

Note: Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.)

The Grand Total 2025 Marks (Mains 1750+ Interview 275)

How to Prepare for IAS Mains Exam

Summary of the Latest Pattern of Civil Services (Mains) Examination

Paper – A

Language -300 Marks

Candidate can take any Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature

Paper – B

English -300 Marks

This paper is of qualifying nature

**Paper – I**

Essay – 250 Marks (Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice)

**Paper-II**

General Studies-I 250 Marks

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

**Paper-III**

General Studies -II: 250 Marks

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

**Paper-IV**

General Studies -III 250 Marks

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

**Paper-V**

General Studies -IV 250 Marks

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

Marks carried by General Studies papers are 4 x 250=1000

**Paper-VI**

Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks

**Paper-VII**

Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having it at the graduation level.”

Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

Marks of English and Language will not be counted in the total tally of marks for the written exam. So the total of the Mains exam will be 1750 Marks Only.

Interview/Personality Test – 275 marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Grand Total 2025 Marks

A candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.

Civil Services Mains Exam 2017 Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A – Modern Indian language 300 Marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted – Passing mandatory-

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essay

(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of High School level and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B – English -300 marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted- Passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay.

**Paper-I**

Essay – 250 Marks – To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise. Credit will be given to effective and coherent expression.

**Paper-II**

**General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)**

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world’s physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

**Paper-III**

**General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)**

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

**Paper-IV**

**General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)**

Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

**Paper-V**

**General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)**

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues.

**Paper-VI**

**Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks**

**Paper-VII**

**Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks**

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

**Interview/Personality Test – 275 Marks**

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

**NOTE:**

Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination. Aspirants can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

I am interested in IAS exam

Thanking so much for choosing your career as IAS. In case any help do you need during your preparation, feel free to post on this website. we will revert you within 24 hrs.

Thanking you for choosing IAS/UPSC EXAM

iam a btech student can i choose history as an option subject

Yes, you can choose History as your Optional in IAS Mains. But before choosing any one of among 24 IAS Optional subjects, It is best to choose the Optional Subject in UPSC is the permutation and combination of your interest in that UPSC Optional subject and your educational background. It will fetch you more marks 300+ in your IAS Mains Optional. Thanking you for posting nice doubt. Keep going on… All the best from Ramanasri Institute.

where i can get mathematics previous year solution for ias and ifos.

Not available in the market

calsi allowed in main mathematics subject in upsc exam hall ?

programmable calculatorsarenotallowedinside the examination hallScientific calculatorsareallowedinside the examination hall.Thanking you for posting wonderful doubt !!!

Hello Sir ,

What should be the strategy for the topics like Real Analysis, Modern and Linear Algebra?

Whatsapp me the index pages which you have purchased from your number to 87 5070 6262. We will guide you how & what to study these books. All the pages is not related IAS UPSC Mathematics Optional Syllabus mentioned in the our exam. OR Order Postal Course for IAS UPSC Mathematics/ Correspondence Course for IAS UPSC Mathematics Study Materials.

Real Analysis- M.D Raisinghania or S.C Malik & Arora

Modern Algebra- Krishna Series or A.G Galliean

Linear Algebra- Krishna Series & Schum Series 3000 Solved Problems.

Thanking you posting nice and most useful doubt.

Hello Ramanasri Sir, I want to take the mathematics as an optional subject

Can you please tell me about the classes and how many months classes will be ?

Can you tell more about this subject

As I saw the syllabus it is vast.

Can you help me with this

If you are not only interested in this subject but also if you are came from B. Tech or B.E or B. Sc (one of your subject Maths) or B.A Maths, definitely you can choose Mathematics Optional as your Optional subject in your IAS, UPSC EXAMINATIONS. And it helps in IFoS EXAMINATION also. Anyway, Before conforming your Optional as Mathematics just see the syllabus and Previous year questions. And Still now if you feel that I know that 20 to 30% percent, then definitely go for it. Don’t ask to anything to any person. They will share their experiences, Just like a All Bears are black ( They are 200% true Why because they went Zoo in their life but they don’t know other side like a Polar Bears. Simply leave it for them. 100% It won’t work for you. We will help directly or indirectly for your journey of IAS Preparation. Course duration 5 Months course. IAS UPSC Maths Optional Syllabus is not vast it is not true. More or less each and every Optional syllabus is the same. Please don’t count the no of words( 80% aspirants Count the words i.e the reason they are going to failure by next year even if they are clearing prelims. A few financial good background they are changing the Optionals and choosing the Maths Optional as their Optional subject.It will be the advantage depends upon aspirants how much really understanding and analyzing the concepts and how they are applying in your real life to solve and tackle societal problems. But one thing is the universal true i.e If you are more sweat the during the preparation then no need the sweat in the battle field i.e. your mains examinations. This is the one and only one Optional rest of the optional will give you more than 350+ Marks. Simply follow from the Standard IAS UPSC CSE Maths Optional Books. Thanking you for posting wonderful doubt.

Hello sir,

I am abhilash…having mathematics as my optional.. Sir I am Hindi medium aspirant..so I am in confusion that in paper am I allowed to write English words as Hindi medium material of it is not available… Or I hv to prepare according to Hindi medium?

You can write few words in English also. It is not a problem at all.